Understanding the output of a financial model is essential if you’re looking to make smart decisions about your financial future. A financial model is a quantitative structure used to analyze and forecast the financial performance of a company, based on its past financial performance, current market conditions, and its future potential.

A three-way financial model is a more in-depth analysis than other models, as it takes into account the interaction of three variables: income, expenses and assets. By inputting your information into the model, you can get an in-depth look at your financial situation and make better-informed decisions going forward. In this blog post, we will look at how to interpret the output of a three-way financial model.

Key Takeaways

  • Understand the results of a three-way financial model
  • Analyze the interaction of income, expenses, and assets
  • Make better-informed financial decisions

Setting Up the Model

Interpreting the output of a three-way financial model is not a simple task but is necessary for those wishing to gain a deeper understanding of their company’s finances. The following outlines the steps that should be taken in order to set up the model and generate useful and accurate output.

Establish Inputs

First, the user should decide which inputs to include in the model. This will depend on the type of analysis being performed, but may include such items as revenue, expenses, and capital expenditures. All inputs should be carefully considered and it is important to make sure all necessary variables are included.

Input Historic Data

After the desired inputs have been established, historic data should be input into the model. This data serves as the basis for the model projections, and should be as accurate and up-to-date as possible. While data from non-financial sources may also be included, such as customer trends, the accuracy of the model will be largely dependent on the integrity of the financial input data.

Establish Assumptions

Finally, assumptions should be established for any variables that are not presently known. This may include such items as future customer trends and inflation rates. Assumptions should be reasonable and conservative, and should be documented for future reference. It is also important to note that these assumptions can have a major effect on the output of the model, so this process should be revisited whenever the model results begin to deviate from actual results.

Understanding Inputs

The outputs of a 3 way financial model can be difficult to interpret on their own. By understanding the inputs however, the model outputs become clearer and it is possible to gain an insight into the real value of the financial projections. In this section, we’ll look at what inputs are used for 3 way financial models and how they can be used to gain better insight into the data.

Introduction to Variables

Any financial model has a number of variables which are used to inform the output of the model. These typically include sales, profits, fixed expenses, variable expenses, taxes, and much more. Having an understanding of each of these variables and their individual impact on the outcomes of the model is key to interpreting the output of a 3 way financial model.

Using Variables to Interpret Outputs

Once a 3 way financial model has been populated with all of the required data, it is possible to use the variables to determine how changes in the inputs will affect the outputs. For example, increasing the sales figures may result in higher net income, or increasing the fixed expenses may reduce the total profits for the model. By playing around with each of the variables, it is possible to understand the overall direction of the financial projections and identify areas for improvement.

It is also important to understand how each of the variables interact with each other. For example, increasing the sales figures and decreasing the cost of goods may both lead to higher profits, while decreasing the fixed expenses may lead to lower profits. Understanding how these individual variables interact with one another is key to interpreting a 3 way financial model.

Understanding Outputs

When it comes to understanding the outcomes of a 3-way financial model, the outputs provide a great insight into the performance of the company and its financial projections. Outputs are the summaries of the model intentions, which is important for an analyst or investor to interpret the content in the model. Therefore, it is important to have an understanding of different output types and how to use them for interpretation.

Introduction to Output Types

There are various output types available in 3-way financial models. The most common ones include the cash flow statement, balance sheet, income statement, and various ratios such as working capital, return on investment, and profit margin. Understanding these output types and how they relate to the model can provide a comprehensive overview of the model.

Use Outputs for Model Interpretation

Once the financial model is completed, the outputs of the model can be used to analyze the financial performance of the model. Analyzing these outputs can provide insights into the model’s forecasts, trends, and overall financial performance. By understanding the different types of outputs and how each output relates to the model, analysts and investors can gain insight into the potential of the 3-way financial model.

  • Analyzing the cash flow statement will provide a better understanding of the model’s liquidity, operating, and investing activities.
  • The balance sheet output can be used to assess the model’s assets, liabilities, and equity.
  • The income statement output can show the overall financial performance of the model.
  • Various ratios, such as working capital, return on investment, and profit margin, can reveal the model’s financial health.

By understanding and interpreting the outputs of a 3-way financial model, analysts and investors can gain insight into the financial performance, trends, and potential of the model. This understanding can be used to make more informed decisions regarding the model and its implications.

Assessing Income Statement

The income statement is one of the three primary financial statements used to analyze a company’s performance. It provides stakeholders with an overview of a company’s profitability over a given period. This section will discuss how to interpret the output of a three-way financial model to assess the income statement.

Interpretation of Sales, COGS and Expenses

The output of a three-way financial model can be used to interpret the relationship between sales, cost of goods sold (COGS), and expenses. A three-way financial model can provide a detailed view of the revenues, costs, and expenses associated with a product or service. This can be used to track the profitability of a product over time and assess the impact of changes on a company's profitability.

When interpreting the output of a three-way financial model, it is important to identify the assumptions used in developing the model. For example, how much profit is expected for each sale, what the COGS are for each product, and what costs are associated with the production and delivery of the product. It is also important to consider any non-recurring costs or revenue sources that are included in the model.

Impact of Taxes on Earnings

Another important factor to consider when interpreting the output of a three-way financial model is the impact of taxes on earnings. Knowing how tax rates affect the profitability of a product or service can inform a company’s pricing strategy. Understanding how taxes affect profits can help a company plan for growth and make sound investments.

It is important to note that taxes are not the only factor that can affect the profitability of a product. Other factors such as production costs, marketing expenses, and overhead costs can also have an effect. Therefore, when interpreting the output of a three-way financial model, it is essential to consider all of these factors and their impacts on profitability.

6. Assessing Balance Sheet

When interpreting the output of a 3 way financial model, one of the most important considerations is assessing the balance sheet. A balance sheet is a financial statement that provides a snapshot of a company's assets, liabilities, and equity at a given point in time. Analyzing the balance sheet can provide critical insight into a company's financial health.

A. Interpretation of Assets, Liabilities and Equity

The first step in interpreting the balance sheet is to understand what is included in the assets, liabilities, and equity categories. Assets refer to any item that is owned by the company, such as cash, inventory, or property. Liabilities refer to any amounts that the company owes to other parties, such as loans or accounts payable. Equity is the difference between a company’s assets and liabilities and is used to measure the financial strength of the company.

B. Estimate of Working Capital

Working capital is an important part of a company’s balance sheet, and a measure of a company’s financial health. Working capital is calculated by subtracting current liabilities from current assets, and is used to assess a company’s liquidity and financial stability. A positive working capital figure indicates that a company is able to meet its short-term obligations and is likely to remain financially healthy, while a negative figure indicates that a company is not in a good financial position and may be at risk of financial distress.


Interpreting the outputs of a 3 Way Financial Model is an important step for anyone looking to determine the health of their finances. Understanding the output of a 3 Way Financial Model provides insight into how the company’s performance is affected by changes in their operating income, expenses, and taxes. By critically evaluating the model outputs, companies can better identify areas of strength and weakness in their financial strategies, as well as identify opportunities for improvement.

Impact of Interpreting Outputs

Interpreting and understanding the results of 3 Way Financial Model can provide individuals and organizations with insight into their financial performance. With the proper analysis, companies can identify areas of financial risk and develop strategies to reduce or eliminate that risk. Additionally, understanding the output of the model can help to guide decision making and ultimately, increase profitability.

Summary of Methods Covered

This article provided a comprehensive overview of how to interpret the output of a 3 Way Financial Model. It outlined key elements to consider such as operating expenses, taxes, and income, and how each of these components affects the overall output of the model. Additionally, key analysis methods were discussed, such as benchmark analysis, trend analysis, and historical analysis, to help readers gain a more thorough understanding of the outputs that they are evaluating. Finally, it highlighted the importance of interpreting the output of a 3 Way Financial Model and the overall impact that this can have when making strategic financial decisions.

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